Shiraz as the capital city of Fars province has been a significant city, It is famous for glorious history of Persians ceremonial capital of Achaemenids Persepolis and also Necropolis near shiraz to the best Iranian Poets Saadi and Hafez, The best season to visit Shiraz is spring fragrance of flowers, especially orange tree blossoms have filled up the air. Shiraz is one of the most beautiful cities in the world.you can see both modernizing as a city and ancient as Persepolis for 2500 years ago. Persian gardens in Shiraz are eye-catching and pleasant.
Here are some of the tourist attractions you should visit on your travel to Shiraz.
1.Pasargadae ( The oldest Persian Garden)
The homeland of Persian is a UNESCO World Heritage site 90 Km far from Shiraz, You can visit Pasargadae on your way from Esfahan to Shiraz and vice versa. Its palaces, gardens and the mausoleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architecture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civilization.
Pasargadae was the capital of the Achaemenids empire under the rule of Cyrus the Great (559–530 BCE). The most important monument is the tomb of Cyrus the Great. The first Persian garden was also found in the Pasargadae complex.
2.Persepolis (Takht E Jamshid)
Persepolis is a Greek name and it means (Persian City), Old Persian: 𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿, Persepolis founded by Darius the Great in 513 BC and was the ceremonial capital of Achaemenid empire, ِِِDarius The Great who, as a member of a new branch of the royal house, made Persepolis the capital of Persia proper, replacing Pasargadae, the burial place of Cyrus II (the Great). Built-in a remote and mountainous region, Persepolis was an inconvenient royal residence, visited mainly in the spring. Later his Son Xerxes added some part and changed the Entrance Gate which is known as the gate of Xerxes or the gate of all Nations) Alexander burnt up the palace of Persepolis in 330 BC.
3.Ancient NecroPolis (Naghsh e Rostam)
NecroPolis is a Greek word for the city of the dead, located 12 km northwest of Persepolis is a cemetery of Achaemenids kings tombs high in the mountain.according to the cuniform written carved out on a rock face. the tombs are for Darius the Great, Xerxes I, Artaxerxes I and Darius II. The tombs are hewn into the rock at a significant height from the base of the hills and bear the resemblance of crosses, hence the site is locally known as the “Persian Crosses.” we recommend to get a local guide at Necropolis to find out the mystery behind the tombs.
4. Quran Gate
Quran gate was the entrance of the city of Shiraz, it has its name due to the Quran which is the holy book of the Muslims is on the top of the gate. the two Qur’āns are known as Hifdah-Man. Travelers passing underneath the gates believed to receive the blessing of the Holy Book as they began their trip or journey from Shiraz.the gate restored a couple of times after damages and earthquakes. Right next to the Quran gate there is a tomb of a great Persian poet( Khawju Kermani) of the 13th century who died in Shiraz but he was originally from Kerman.
Eram garden is a historical Persian garden in the north of Shiraz which is among the most beautiful tourist attractions in Iran. The history of the eye-catching Persian garden backs to 400 years ago during Seljug Dynasty but the old pavilion is during the Qajar dynasty about 160 years ago. Eram Garden has been known as a Botanical Garden (established 1983) of Shiraz University. You will visit some great plants and flowers inside the garden, there is also a great pond full of cute turtles.
Vakil complex consists of a Persian public house which is now a museum, Vakil mosque and, Vakil Bazaar (Shiraz Bazaar). Almost most of Shiraz monuments are in the Vakil Complex that is the old part of Shiraz. Near the Vakil Bazaar do not miss to visit Karim Khan citadel (Arg e Karim Khan).
7.Shah Cheragh Mosque
The story of the beautiful, lightful mosque goes around 900 CE
The site began as a funereal monument with a mythic past. As the story goes, around 900 CE a wanderer caught sight of a mysterious light shining off in the distance and went to investigate. He found a luminous grave that, when excavated, was found to hold the armored corpse of an important Muslim figure. Thus the site became a popular pilgrimage site for Shia Muslims, and a domed tomb structure was created to house the grave.
Shah Cheragh is somehow the third most valuable religious site in Iran. Every year millions of Iranian visit the shrine.
8.Nasir ol Molk Pink mosque ( a great place for photography)
Nasir ol Molk mosque was a private mosque during Qajar Dynasty in Iran. Now It is open daily for tourists to enjoy the pink and colorful tiles inside and outside the mosque. To enjoy the natural colorful lights must visit early in the morning from 7:30 to 9:30 is the best time to reach there when the sun shines.
9.Tomb of Hafez
Hafez as the greatest and respectful Iranian Poets has collected his poem in Divan E Hafez. As the author of numerous ghazals expressing love, spirituality, and protest, he and his work continue to be important to Iranians, and many of his poems are used as proverbs or sayings.
One of the most peaceful places for Iranian is the Tomb of Hafez(Hafezieh). Hafez was born in Shiraz in 1315 and died there in 1390.
Activities to restore and expand the memorial to Hafez began in 1931, when the orange grove was repaired and the Hāfezieh was altered by a governor of Fars and Isfahan, Faraj Allah Bahrami. Additional improvements delayed until the Ministry of Education organized for a new building to be built, in 1935. André Godard, a French archaeologist, and the architect was the technical director of the Department of Antiquities at the time and was commissioned to design the new buildings.
10.Tomb of Saadi
Another very famous Iranian poet is Saadi. The tomb of Saadi or Saadieh is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Iran. Saadi Shirazi was one of the prominent Iranian poets of the medieval period. He was born in 1184 and died in 1283 or 1291 in Shiraz, Iran
A famous Saadi’s poem which is on top of the entrance of the United Nations:
Human beings are members of a whole, In the creation of one essence and soul.
If one member is afflicted with pain, Other members uneasy will remain.
If you’ve no sympathy for human pain, the name of human you cannot retain.
Shiraz is a must on your 2 weeks Iran travel itinerary.